Transitional expressions

Transitions help the reader to follow the authorís line of thought as he/she moves from one idea to the next.Using transitional expressions diminishes readerís frustrations, making it easier for the reader to absorb the authorís text.This in turn reflects well on the authorís credibility and makes it more likely that the reader will take what the author says seriously.


additionally, again, also, and, or, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, next,too, in addition, moreover, then, first, second, an alternative is . . .††

Repetition and restatement

in other words, that is


also, in the same way, just as . . . so too, likewise, similarly

Opposition, exceptions, contrasts, differences, comparison

but, however, in spite of, clearly then, on the one hand . . . on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yet, similarly, also, in the same manner, likwise


first, second, third, . . . next, then, finally, initially, later


after, afterwards, at last, before, currently, during, as, earlier, immediately, next, later, meanwhile, while, now, recently, immediately, simultaneously, subsequently, then, when


for example, for instance, namely, likewise, in fact, specifically, to illustrate

Draw emphasis

even, indeed, in fact, of course, truly


above, farther on, opposite, close, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there, to the left/right

Logical sequence/Cause and effect

accordingly, it follows that, for this reason, as a consequence, consequently, hence, if, so, clearly then, since, therefore, thus, as a result

To conclude or repeat

finally, thus, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, therefore, in the end, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, at last, after, in short, that is